The rise of Industry 4.0 in 5 stats

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IoT Analytics published a 217-page adoption report containing statistics on the current and future status of Industry 4.0 and smart manufacturing.

This research is based on the feedback from 500 decision makers in manufacturing organizations.

Key insights:

A look at five key statistics shows that Industry 4.0 activity has risen since 2011, with COVID-19 and the 2022 slowdown presenting recent bumps on the road.
The analysis considered five indicators: Public search interest, academic papers, startup funding, M&A activity, and enterprise adoption.

Key quotes:

Dimitris Paraskevopoulos, analyst at IoT Analytics, says: “The concept of Industry 4.0 was introduced 11 years ago and first started as a vague concept to revolutionize manufacturing through
“cyber-physical systems”. It has since become a mandatory part of most manufacturers’ strategy. Today, search interest has increased by 140 times and all signs point to the fact that interest in Industry 4.0 is still going strong.”

Knud Lasse Lueth, CEO of IoT Analytics, adds:

“Our latest research shows that industrial companies have further advanced on their digitization journey. The fact that 72% of manufacturers have an Industry 4.0 strategy in place is a clear indicator that adoption is happening, and Industry 4.0 is here to stay.”

The rise of Industry 4.0 in 5 stats

More than 10 years after its creation, it seems that Industry 4.0 is in full swing: Public search interest has risen 140 times since then, 50,000 research papers were published on the topic in 2021 alone, start-ups are now receiving a total of $3 billion in funding each year (Q3 2021 to Q3 2022), and M&A activity has doubled.

The term “Industry 4.0” was first publicly introduced at Hannover Fair 2011 by German Chancellor Angela Merkel who (as rumor has it) picked up the term, sparking a number of interesting discussions as a result.

What first started as a vague concept to revolutionize manufacturing through “cyber-physical systems” has since taken shape.

Some of the key advances since 2011 include:

Much more powerful chipsets
Widespread adoption of cloud services
Containerization of software
Creation of much-improved software middleware/tools
Open interfaces to edge computing hardware
New and improved communication standards/protocols
Availability of relevant AI models and libraries

Few of these were obvious 10 years ago.

| “Industry 4.0” Definition
The use of modern I4.0 tech stack elements, or specific supporting technologies that enable manufacturers to integrate various data sources, achieve higher OEE, reduce costs, or improve other KPIs relevant to a production setup (manufacturing of goods, mining, oil, and gas) mostly in conjunction with rolling out new or improved use cases.

Here is a look at five key stats that show how “Industry 4.0” activity has changed since 2011:

#1 PUBLIC SEARCH INTEREST: 140 TIMES HIGHER

Searches for Industry 4.0 on Google in 2022 are 140 times higher compared to the year it was first introduced and made public (2011). In addition, related terms such as Industrial IoT and Smart Manufacturing grew quite fast in the same time frame as well (32 times and 3.5 times more searches respectively).

Industry 4.0 is an umbrella term that describes several advances in the manufacturing industry. The below picture shows how four of the supporting technologies for Industry 4.0 have also risen in popularity in the same time frame:

Search interests for “Cobots” increased more than 10 times since 2011, “Additive Manufacturing” almost nine times, “Digital Twin” more than four times, and “Machine Vision” 1.3 times. These supporting technologies are also representative of the interest in several other Industry 4.0-related technologies.

#2 ACADEMIC PAPERS: 200,000+ PAPERS PUBLISHED

More than 50,000 academic papers on Industry 4.0 were released in 2020 and 2021, and more than 200,000 have been published in total within the last 10 years. It is safe to say that a lot of research is being done on Industry 4.0. One of these ideas can be the “next big thing” that will move the topic forward.

Based on Google Scholar, the three most cited papers relating to Industry 4.0 are:

 
Title
Publishing year
Number of citations
Journal
Key authors

#1
Industry 4.0
2014
4167
Business & Information Systems Engineering
Lasi, Heiner, et al.

#2
Industry 4.0: State of the art and future trends
2018
2185
Intl. Journal of Production Research
Xu, Li Da, Eric L. Xu, and Ling Li

#3
Industry 4.0 technologies: Implementation patterns in manufacturing companies
2019
1466
Intl. Journal of Production Economics
Frank, Alejandro Germán, Lucas Santos Dalenogare, and Néstor Fabián Ayala

#3 FUNDING: 2,513 DEALS SINCE 2011

The annual funding of start-ups that are active in Industry 4.0 has increased by +319% from 2011 to 2021. 2021 saw a total of $2.2 billion of funding spent on upcoming companies that develop technology related to Industry 4.0. A total of 2,513 deals were announced in the 11-year time frame. The total number of funding rounds decreased when COVID-19 hit in 2020 and has also taken a hit as of late with the inflation and war-related slowdown.

Notable investment rounds included a $179 million Series A for BrightMachines in 2018, a $100 million Series C for Tulip Interfaces in 2021, and a $75 million Series E in Xometry in 2020.

#4 M&A ACTIVITY: DOUBLED FROM 2011 TO 2021

The annual number of Industry 4.0-related acquisitions reached a peak of 132 in 2021. This marks a 116% increase in the past 10 years. In the first three quarters of 2020, there were less than half
acquisitions compared to the usual average in the rest of the years. COVID-19 had a clear impact on the M&A activity as well.

Notable acquisitions included AspenTech acquired by Emerson for $11 billion in 2021, Fetch Robotics acquired by Zebra Technologies for $290 million in 2021, and IQMS acquired by Dassault Systèmes for $425 million in 2018.

#5 ENTERPRISE ADOPTION: MOST ORGANIZATIONS NOW HAVE AN INDUSTRY 4.0 STRATEGY

A 2015 World Economic Forum survey of 250 market leaders found that 88% of the participants did not understand the underlying business models and long-term implications of the industrial IoT to their industries

A 2019 Industry 4.0 adoption survey by IoT Analytics showed that the situation had changed with 25% of Industry 4.0 use cases already fully or extensively rolled out with enterprises on a global level.

The latest 2022 Industry 4.0 adoption survey now shows that companies have even further advanced. Companies that are not executing against an Industry 4.0 strategy are in the minority. A staggering 72% of the survey respondents report that they are in the process of implementing their Industry 4.0/Smart Factory with many initiatives in progress and some already completed.

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